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G of Middle Earth
G of Middle Earth

G of Middle Earth


Gálmód -The father of Gríma Wormtongue

According to Gandalf, Gálmód was the father of Gríma Wormtongue, advisor to King Théoden of Rohan. Tolkien only ever mentions him once, and then only in passing, so almost nothing is known about him. His name seems to derive from the Old English for 'lewd' or 'wanton'.

Gamling - A wise leader at Helm's Deep

The leader of the watchers of Helm's Dike, an old man, though still a commanding presence at the time of the Battle of the Hornburg. Despite his age, he was still a brave fighter - in that Battle, it was Gamling who first realized that orcs had penetrated the Deep through its culvert, and he led the counterattack himself.

Ghân-buri-Ghân - Chieftain of the Woses of Drúadan Forest

The headman of the Woses of Drúadan Forest at the time of the War of the Ring. He aided the Rohirrim in their ride to the Battle of the Pelennor.

Gilthoniel - The Sindarin surname of the Queen of the Stars

A Sindarin title of Varda the Lady of the Stars, known as Elbereth to the Sindar.

Gimli Elf-friend - Descendant of the Kings of Durin's Folk, Elf-friend, Lord of the Glittering Caves

Son of Glóin, he travelled from Rivendell with the Company of the Ring. After the breaking of the Fellowship at Parth Galen, he hunted Orcs across Rohan with Aragorn and Legolas. He fought at the Battle of the Hornburg, and at the Pelennor Fields. He is famed for his fast friendship with Legolas the Elf; some stories say that they sailed into the West together - if this is true, then Gimli was the first and only of dwarven-kind to come to the Undying Lands.

Glóin - Companion of Bilbo and father of Gimli Elf-friend

Son of Gróin, and father of Gimli Elf-friend, Glóin accompanied Gandalf and Bilbo Baggins on the Quest of Erebor, and years later was present with his son at the Council of Elrond.

Gollum - Wretched slave to the One Ring, Sméagol

Originally a creature of Hobbit-kind, who came by the One Ring in the River Anduin, where Isildur had lost it more than two millennia before. Coming under its power, he hid away in the Misty Mountains, and was drawn into the events at the end of the Third Age when he encountered Bilbo Baggins, who took the Ring from him.

Gríma Wormtongue - Saruman’s spy at the court of Théoden

The counsellor of Théoden King of Rohan, who acted as a spy of Saruman to keep the country of Rohan weak. After the destruction of Isengard by the Ents, he accompanied Saruman northward to the Shire.

Grimbeorn the Old - Lord of the Beornings

The son of Beorn, who became a great lord in his own right. Like his father, he could take on the shape of a bear, and he dwelt in the same regions of the Vales of Anduin.

Grimbold of Westfold - A valiant captain of the Rohirrim

A Rider of the Rohirrim who fought at both of the Battles of the Fords of Isen. He rode to Minas Tirith, and was slain in the Battle of the Pelennor.

Grishnákh - One of the captors of Merry and Pippin

An orc of Mordor, and probably one of the Uruk-hai. He was part of the raiding party that captured Merry and Pippin at Parth Galen, and was slain by the Riders of Éomer near the eaves of Fangorn Forest.

Guthláf - Banner-bearer to Théoden

The banner-bearer of King Théoden of Rohan. He rode to the relief of Minas Tirith with his Lord in the War of the Ring, and there fought in the Battle of the Pelennor Fields, where he was slain.

Gwaihir - The Great Eagle known as the Windlord

The lord of the Eagles of Middle-earth at the time of the War of the Ring. He rescued Gandalf from the pinnacle of Orthanc, and from the peak of Zirakzigil, and he and his kind brought Frodo and Sam out of Mordor after the destruction of the One Ring.


Gate of the Kings - See Argonath

River Gilrain - The western border-river of Lebennin

A long river that flowed south out of the White Mountains through western Lebennin in the south of Gondor. It was a tributary of the River Serni, that it joined above Linhir, and legend said that Nimrodel had walked its banks as she came south out of the White Mountains.

Gladden River - River of the Golden Flowers

A minor tributary of the River Anduin, called Sîr Ninglor by the Elves, that rose in the eastern Misty Mountains and flowed eastward to meet the Great River at the Gladden Fields.

Glittering Caves - The caverns behind Helm’s Deep

Also called Aglarond, the spectacular jewelled caverns that lay in the White Mountains behind Helm's Deep. They were discovered by Gimli Elf-friend during the War of the Ring, and were later colonised by the Dwarves of Erebor, with Gimli becoming Lord of the Glittering Caves.

Golden Hall - The gold-thatched hall of the Kings of Rohan

A common name for Meduseld, the hall of the Kings of Rohan in Edoras.

The Golden Perch - Home of the best beer in the Eastfarthing

An inn in the township of Stock, north of Bucklebury near the eastern borders of the Shire. It was said by Pippin to serve the best beer in the Eastfarthing.

Gates of Mordor - Sauron's Black Gate

A term for the defended pass in the northwest of Mordor, and great Black Gate - the Morannon - that protected it. The Gates opened onto a narrow valley, Udûn, and were highly defensible. Indeed, they were only successfully assaulted once in their history, by the armies of the Last Alliance.

Green Hill Country - The country between the Tookland and Woody End

A patch of country in the Shire, marked out by the Green Hills that ran west to east through three of the Shire's four farthings.

Grey Havens - The havens at the mouth of the Lhûn, Mithlond

Mithlond, the harbours of Círdan at the eastern end of the Gulf of Lhûn, from which the Elves of the north of Middle-earth passed into the West during the later Ages.


Galathilion - The White Tree of Tirion

The White Tree made by Yavanna for the Elves of the city of Tirion. From it came Celeborn, the White Tree of Tol Eressëa, through which it became the ancestor of all the White Trees of Númenor and Middle-earth.

Glamdring - The sword of Gandalf

It was discovered in their troll-hoard by Gandalf, Bilbo and the Dwarves as they travelled eastward on the Quest of Erebor, and claimed by Gandalf. After it was identified by Elrond, Gandalf wore it for eighty years. He had it with him when the White Council drove Sauron from Dol Guldur, and he bore it through the War of the Ring itself.

He used it to battle the Balrog at the Bridge of Khazad-dûm, and it fell with him there into the abyss. Glamdring survived that fall: Gandalf had it with him when he returned, and he bore it throughout the last days of the War of the Ring and beyond.

Golden Wood - The forest of the golden mallorn trees

A name used of Lórien, and with a similar meaning, referring to the golden mallorn trees that grew in that land.

Great Jewel - One of the three Silmarils

A name for the Silmaril recovered by Beren from Morgoth's Iron Crown, and afterwards borne by Lúthien in Dor Firn-i-Guinar.

Great River - The River Anduin

Very common title given to the River Anduin, the greatest river in Middle-earth, which flowed for many hundred miles from the far north down into the Bay of Belfalas.

Gúthwinë - The sword of Éomer

The sword of Éomer, borne by him at Aragorn's side in the Battle of the Hornburg, and presumably also at the later Battle of the Pelennor Fields. Its name means 'battle-friend'.

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